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T5 vs CFLs: Fluorescent Grow Light Showdown


by Sirius Fourside

Close-up of a cool looking cfl...When stealth is a growers biggest concern, fluorescent grow lights are the undisputed king.

They make very little heat compared to HID(High Intensity Discharge) lights  and LEDs, they tend to make a smaller impact on your electric bill, and they are much cheaper to get started with.

They’re also very beginner friendly since they don’t require the purchase of secondary parts (such as an exhaust fan) in many cases and can be setup easily.

I actually hooked up my first fluorescent lights with nylon rope I had lying around!

But all is not well in this stealthy, new-grower-friendly world…

There are two types of frequently used fluorescent lights struggling for superiority, each with their own benefits: they are the T5 fluorescent light, and the CFL (Compact Fluorescent Lamp).

Today, you’ll get the rundown on what’s better about each one which will hopefully help you make a decision should the need arise.

 

T5s

A common T5 grow light.What are they?

The designation T5 comes from two attributes about the bulb: it’s tubular and it has a 5/8” diameter. T5s usually come in an array of bulbs that arranged parallel to each other in a panel like the one shown to the right.

The total amount of light provided by a T5 fixture can vary greatly since there are many different T5 setups, but it can be easily calculated. Just take the total number of bulbs in the panel (usually between 4-8 tubes) and multiply that by the lumen output of each of your bulbs.

Using T5s requires having a fixture to place the bulbs in, and will need to be hung in a similar fashion to a MH/HPS light. However, T5s run extremely cool and can be kept only a few inches away from your plants without causing harm.

Advantages:

  • Some plants doing nicely under a T5 light.As stated above, T5s run very cool and as such, they can be kept closer to your plants. In fact, they should be kept far closer to your plants than with non-fluorescent lights to maximize on their power.
  • Since T5s can be kept so close to the plants, this means that growers can use smaller tents than they typically would with an HPS.
  • T5s have a low impact on your energy bill compared to HID lighting.
  • Possible to grow without exhausting heat which opens up growing spaces unavailable to HIDs.

Disadvantage(s):

  • Not as much power as HIDs, so yields will naturally be lower.
  • Growers might have to check on them more often since they are kept closer to plants and have less buffer room.

Advantages Over CFLs:

  • CFLs can be placed into a panel like T5s, but T5s are meant for panels and tend to be easier to adjust. Generally, moving a single T5 panel higher takes only seconds when it’s hung with rope ratchets. In fact, T5s take less effort to set up and maintain in general.
  • More efficient use of energy than CFLs (albeit marginally).

 

Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs)

What are they?

A high-powered CFL in a reflector.Compact Fluorescent Lamps are the ‘twisty’ bulbs that are replacing the old incandescent bulbs in our homes. They come in an array of colors and strengths with some CFL bulbs having wattage rivaling that of a small HID light. You could easily find a CFL bulb with as little as 12 watts or as much as 125, and both would work for growing.

CFLs use your typical light socket, which can be both a blessing and a curse. One of the main things to keep in mind when attempting to get started with CFLs is that you will need a separate socket for each bulb. If you’re not using a panel, these lights will all need to be arranged separately.

Advantages:

  • CFLs are abundant! You can get them at Home Depot, Wal-Mart, Lowes, Target, and even some grocery stores just to name a few.
  • CFLs are a typical household item, so buying/transporting them doesn’t arouse nearly as much suspicion.
  • Although the bigger CFLs tend to run a bit hotter, the smaller-to-mid-sized CFLs (below 60 watts) can be kept as close as 2-3 inches from your plants.
  • Even the CFLs that run hotter can still go all the way to harvest without a system to ventilate heat.
  • Due to their shape and size, they can be placed in interesting ways to deliver light to parts of the plant that are typically shaded.
  • Low impact on your energy bill; close to that of T5s.

Disadvantages:

  • Nebulas first grow with CFLs a long time ago...Not nearly as much light as an HPS; the difference between the two is very noticeable to say the least.
  • If not using a panel, a socket will need to be provided for each bulb. This can get tricky when the bulb count starts getting high.
  • In my opinion, this is the worst disadvantage to using CFLs: You have to adjust every single bulb to be right near the plant, and you will have to readjust all those bulbs regularly to make sure they are close but not burning plants. This can get a bit time consuming in cases where the grower has 6+ bulbs and is adjusting them daily.

Advantages over T5s:

  • Although having to readjust the lights can be cumbersome, it’s also one the of the CFLs greatest strengths. T5s can only paint the top of the canopy in light, but CFLs can be situated to also get the sides, the bottom, even inside the plant!
  • This can’t be stressed enough, CFLs are much easier to obtain than T5 lights in addition to being much more widely available.
  • CFLs have very common non-growing uses, so people are less suspicious of them.
  • CFLs can get pretty small, so they can easily be used in a super stealth grow (like in a PC case or a file cabinet).

 

The Judges Desicion

So, who’s better?

Before I potentially start an incident, let me give you the honest-but-not-as-gratifying answer: They should be used together!

T5s are great at covering the top of your plants, and CFLs are at their best when covering hard to reach areas of the plant. The natural solution is to use each for the respective jobs they’re good at! I guarantee that someone who uses both will get better results than a grower of equal skill using only one.

Now for the real answer. Which one is better all around? CFLs.

CFL bulbs is varying sizes.

Although CFLs aren’t as good as T5s at covering the top of the plants, they can definitely do it well. Also, T5s can’t cover shaded parts of the plant as easily and efficiently as a CFL. Additionally, the size of a T5 can work against it when you’re trying to fit a grow into a small area.

You can go to any strip mall with a home improvement store and get everything you need to grow with CFLs besides cannabis seeds. This is good for the initial setup, but it’s also great for times when you break a single piece of your setup.

I know we have some hardcore fluorescent-only growers out there. If you have some pics showing off your growing prowess with fluorescent lights, send them to us and we’ll show what T5 and CFLs growers can do!
 


 

Go Fluorescent!

Ready to try your hand at fluorescent lights? Or maybe you’re new to growing cannabis in general? Either way, get started today; your future self will thank you!

 

 

 T5 Fluorescent Lights

 

 

A powerful CFL in a reflector.

 

 

Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs)

 

 

AN air cooled HPS reflector...like I use!

 

 

MH/HPS combos for when you need more power!

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