by Nebula Haze
What Does "Organic" Mean?
If you've ever wondered what people are talking about when they refer to growing "organic" cannabis, what they mean is that everything used to grow the plant was derived from living things. This means that substances such as chemical salts, synthetic fertilizers and inorganic pesticides are never used as part of the growing process.
Organic cannabis is grown with soil and nutrients that are derived only from living things
In nature cannabis is almost always grown in purely organic conditions, and many growers want to re-create that same natural environment indoors.
However, if you really want to copy nature as closely as possible, you have to do more than just buy organic nutrients and organic soil. Although you will get great results using regular organic soil with organic nutrients, the best taste and smell benefits come from growing cannabis in "living" soil.
"Living" Soil is Key to the Best Bud Taste & Smell
Living soil is overflowing with colonies of beneficial microorganisms and microfauna (including bacteria, fungi, protozoa and nematodes) which create a complex and interwoven soil food web.
These tiny creatures break down nutrients in the soil, making them easier for roots to absorb. In return, the plant excretes substances at the roots which feed the soil colony. This symbiotic relationship is the basis of True Organic Gardening! When these organisms are missing from the soil, it's more difficult for your plant to get the nutrients it needs.
The organisms which colonize living soil actually "hand-deliver" nutrients directly to your plant roots, just like in nature! This video displays some of the wide variety of creatures that are found living in soil:
Although cannabis growers don't yet fully understand exactly why, plants grown in living soil seems to produce buds with a stronger and more complex taste and smell profile than plants grown in regular soil or hydro.
Will Any Organic Soil Work to Strengthen the Smell of Buds?
Living soil is usually organic, but not all organic soil is "alive". Soil generally needs to be composted for a few months so the beneficial microorganisms have time to colonize and start breaking down the nutrients in the soil.
When buying regular potting soil at the store, chances are it hasn't been recently composted. There's also the chance it has been baked or otherwise processed to kill any bugs or eggs, which sterilizes the soil but it leaves it without any beneficial microorganisms.
Luckily, you can buy freshly composted soil that has been amended specifically for plants like cannabis (such as Kind Soil, who even have marijuana-specific instructions on their website). Composted and amended soil is sometimes referred to as "Super Soil" and generally only needs water for plants to flourish. The microorganisms take care of almost everything else!
This soil may look inert, but at the microscopic level it is alive with millions of organisms!
Note: Although cannabis-formulated living soil takes care of delivering nutrients for you, it can't produce nutrients from scratch. If a cannabis plant is left in a container for too long (or is grown in a small container), it may start to use up all the nutrients in the soil. When this happens, growers can supplement their living soil with organic nutrients in some form, including compost "tea" or bottled nutrients. Other growers may simply transplant to a different pot with fresh soil after their plant starts using up what's in its original container!
As plants get bigger, you may eventually need to either supplement with extra nutrients or transplant to fresh soil
When it comes to choosing whether to go with regular organic nutrients vs living soil, here are some of the main considerations:
- Buds grown in living soil produce the strongest and most complex smells when compared to bud grown in other styles (like hydro)
- Usually no need for extra nutrients
- Similar to how cannabis grows in the wild
- Soil can be smelly, which might be offensive indoors
- Plants tend to grow a little slower than plants grown with liquid nutrients
- Making your own living soil can be a major hassle (though you can buy it)
Standard Organic Soil with Organic Nutrients
- Plants tend to grow a little faster in the vegetative stage because of the easily absorbable nature of liquid nutrients (nutrients don't need to be broken down in the soil by microorganisms)
- Standard soil usually has a neutral smell
- Buds smell great, but the odor/taste may not be quite as strong as what could be achieved with living soil
- Need to provide nutrients regularly in the water
As you can see, there is no "best" way to grow when it comes to soil. Each type has its own pros and cons!
You can produce an abundance of potent and beautiful buds no matter which type of soil you use!
Will chemical nutrients kill all the beneficial life in the soil?
Yes and no. Although chemical nutrients won't kill all the organisms in the soil directly, they can outcompete them. As the plant gets nutrients directly from the water, the roots stop producing the various substances which normally feed bacteria and fungi in the soil. The soil food web can start to slowly collapse, as first the bacteria and fungi die off from lack of exudates from the roots, and then the protozoa and nematodes which feed on the fungi/bacteria die off too. In fact, over-application of readily available organic nutrients can cause the same problem!
So a single watering with chemical or other liquid nutrients won't kill your living soil, but regular use can decimate their numbers!
Nematodes may not look like predators, but they actually prey on bacteria and fungi in the soil. If the bacteria and fungi die off, so will the nematodes. Each type of organism is an important part of the living soil ecosystem!
I hope this helped you decide whether to grow with regular or living soil! If you have decided to make the leap, here is a tutorial on how to get the best results with living soil!
Ready to start growing?
What You Will Need
- A place to grow (indoors, outdoors, your closet…)
- Grow light (or a spot with direct sunlight outdoors)
- Living Soil (make it or buy it) – You need 1 pound for every 1 gallon of pot size. (ex: for a 3 gallon pot, you would use 3 pounds of KindSoil)
- An equal amount of coco coir potting mix (or regular soil) such as Fox Farms Coco Loco)
- 5-gallon Smart Pots (or whatever size you desire) – This is a container for your soil. Although regular pots can be used, fabric pots are recommended for faster growth
- Rapid Rooters (optional)
- Solo cups for seedlings (optional)
Purchase Living Soil Online
(specially formulated for cannabis by the Kind Soil company!)
What type of water to use?
When growing cannabis with composted super soil, you want to use a clean source of water. You don't want to use distilled water, as it can mess with the soil ecosystem, but most sources of water should be okay as long as the pH isn't very high or low. If the pH of the water is far outside the 6-7 range, it can disrupt your soil cycle. So if you have very hard water, or the pH is off, you either need to use a different source of water just be on the lookout for nutrient deficiencies. If you run into nutrient deficiencies with super soil (and you know that the plant hasn't used everything up yet) it often means you need to correct the pH when you water. Learn how to pH water for organic soil.
1.) Fill your Smart Pot container with 1/2 super soil, than fill the second 1/2 with Coco Loco on top, then put aside
You will need not only your super soil but also Coco Loco (or other coco or regular organic soil) to help your young plants transition into the "hot" (meaning nutrient-abundant) super soil. Fill the bottom 1/2 of your pot with your "hot" composted Super Soil mix, then fill the rest of your container with the much more gentle Coco Loco.
Fill bottom half with living soil
Fill the rest of the way with Coco Loco (keep filling past this point, until you only have about a half inch of extra space at the top). Then put your container(s) aside for now.
Instead of Coco Loco, you can also use organic soil or another growing medium of your choice, as long as it's not too "hot" (amended with lots of nutrients) for young plants.
In general, you need about 1 pound of soil for every 1 gallon of pot size. So for example for a 3 gallon pot, you would use 3 pounds of KindSoil/Living Soil, then fill the rest with Coco Loco.
The Coco Loco is situated at the top of the container so you do not burn young plants or clones with too high levels of nutrients. However, once their roots reach down to the super soil, the plants will be mature enough to use the rich source of nutrients without worrying about nutrient burn.
Even if young plants do get a little nutrient burn, they will soon grow out of it, so don't stress as long as your plants are growing fast and healthy!
Ok! Time to put your seeds (or clones) into their new homes! But where to get seeds?
View a list of tested & trusted seed vendors:https://www.growweedeasy.com/seeds
Germinate Your Seeds in a Solo Cup for the Fastest Seedling Growth!
Make sure to transplant seedlings to bigger containers when their leaves reach the edges of the cup!
This is how one grower did it:
I originally germinated in Rapid Rooters then moved the seedlings into solo cups filled with Coco Loco. After the leaves grew past the edges of the cup, I moved them into the 3 gal pots with the KindSoil and Coco Loco.
This gives the plant roots more room to spread out, and supplies it with a fresh source of nutrients!
3.) Water your Plants
Now that you have young cannabis plants, your main job is to water your plants as needed and provide plenty of light.
How to water plants in super soil:
- Give just enough water to wet the medium, but try to stop just before you get much runoff
- Wait until top feels dry to the touch before watering again
- Unlike some other growing mediums, in super soil your plants will grow best if you avoid getting runoff. Runoff will carry away some of the nutrients in the soil, and since you're not adding any extra, you want to conserve the nutrients you do have in the soil
- Make sure roots stay warm and keep them from sitting directly on the ground (such as on concrete in a basement). This is important for the colony of organisms at the roots to thrive, and cannabis also tends to grow better with warm (but not hot) roots
- Maintain the pH for the best results, and especially if you notice any nutrient deficiencies or other problems
4.) Flowering/Budding Stage
When growing cannabis outdoors, plants will naturally start flowering in the fall. When growing cannabis indoors, you will need to switch your grow lights to a new light schedule in order for your plants to start making buds.
For indoor growers, once your plant is half the final desired height, initiate flowering by putting your lights on a 12/12 schedule so they're getting 12 hours of light, and 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness every day. At that point they'll start making buds, and you're just waiting until harvest time!
Now you just wait until harvest!
More resources for growing cannabis:
- Complete Beginner's Guide
- How to Grow Weed in 10 Steps
- Diagnose Your Sick Plant
- Bugs, Mold & Other Cannabis Pests
Cannabis Life Stages
Plant Care Tutorials
- Plant Training
- How Often to Water Plants
- Male vs Female Plants
- The Perfect Environment
- How to Control Smell
- How to Set Up Exhaust
How to Improve…